Laboratory tests play an important role in the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of many diseases. Laboratory professionals perform a myriad of such tests to aid the physician in the management of disease. With advances in scientific knowledge, new laboratory methods are developing to aid in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of diseases. Laboratory professionals play a multidisciplinary role in health care and may work as generalists or specialists in any one discipline. For example, some laboratory professionals work as clinical chemists and analyze body fluids for substances including glucose, potassium, cholesterol, cardiac enzymes, and hormones to aid in the diagnosis of conditions such as diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, and thyroid disorders. In hematology, the laboratory professional will determine the number and types of blood cells to determine the presence of anemia, leukemia, and other disorders of the blood. Disorders of blood clotting, such as Hemophilia are determined through coagulation testing. In the microbiology laboratory, the laboratory professional will determine the cause of infection and possible antibiotic treatment for infections. Other laboratory professionals determine blood types and perform crossmatches to determine the compatibility of blood between the donor and the recipient. Laboratory professionals also perform immunologic procedures to determine the presence of antigens and antibodies to aid in the diagnosis of AIDS, hepatitis and autoimmune disorders.
The medical laboratory offers a career full of various options. These include work “at the bench level” where most of the hands-on technical procedures are performed. Bench work also includes quality assurance and quality control measures that ensure that laboratory procedures are performed accurately. Opportunities exist in private clinical laboratories as well as those located in hospitals, physician’s offices and health clinics. There are also opportunities available at the research level where one may be involved in laboratory testing to develop new healthcare products or pharmaceutical agents. Positions are also available as technical representatives for laboratory instrumentation companies where one may train other laboratory professionals on new methods or instruments or trouble-shoot those analyzers that are malfunctioning. Positions also exist in education and teaching where students are taught the theory and laboratory exercises essential to the laboratory profession. The Clinical Laboratory Technician (Medical Laboratory Technician) program is a two-year program leading to the Associate in Applied Science.
The Clinical Laboratory Science (Medical Technology) program is a four-year program leading to a Bachelor of Science in Applied Science.
Clinical Laboratory Science (Medical Technology)
The clinical laboratory science (medical technology) program is a four-year program leading to a Bachelor of Science in Applied Science degree with a major in clinical laboratory science. Students in the program must have a physical examination and provide records of their immunizations. The Hepatitis B vaccine series is strongly recommended.
All course work in the CLS program must be completed with a minimum grade of “C”. Students must maintain an overall GPA of 2.5 and a GPA of 2.5 in all CLTEC courses. Students receiving a total of 6 semester hours of D or F grades in CLTEC, biology, or chemistry courses will be dismissed from the program. Readmission to the program is based on GPA and on the availability of space in the class.
The program follows the “3+1” format with the student completing a pre-professional phase of courses in clinical laboratory technology, general chemistry, biological sciences, organic and biochemistry, microbiology, immunology, and mathematics during the first three years of the program. The final year of the program is completed at an accredited CLS/MT hospital program. The program meets the requirements of NAACLS. Upon successful program completion, graduates are qualified to take the certification examinations offered through ASCP and ASCLS (NC) and become certified as MT (ASCP) or as a CLS (NCA).
CLS Internship Guidelines
Students should apply for clinical internship upon completion of the second year of the program or after completing approximately 60-65 semester hours. Application packets containing information on clinical affiliations and the application process are available from the program director or in the Department of Health Professions. Students should apply for graduation at the beginning of the junior year so that their transcripts may be evaluated by an academic advisor in the Bitonte College of Health and Human Services. This will help ensure that all of the requirements for internship and graduation have been fulfilled.
The University does not guarantee acceptance into the fourth year of hospital clinical internship. Selection and acceptance into a particular hospital program is based on that program’s admission and selection process. Thus, students are selected by the hospital programs, which are very competitive. Students are urged to maintain a minimum 3.0 GPA, especially in all science and clinical laboratory courses. To enhance their chances of acceptance into clinical internship, students are encouraged to apply to several accredited programs. A list of these programs is available through the program director. Students should notify the program director upon their acceptance by a professional program.
Clinical Laboratory Technician Curriculum (requires Acrobat Reader)
Clinical Laboratory Science (requires Acrobat Reader)
Useful Clinical Lab Related Links
The CLT and HT programs are accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS)
5600 N. River Rd.
Rosemont, IL 60018-5119
info AT naacls DOT org